HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PROGRAM
Employees who are exposed to excessive heat or who work in hot environments may be at risk of developing a heat-induced illness. Various factors can contribute to heat-induced illnesses such as air temperature, physical activity, individual susceptibility, radiant heat, humidity, airflow and clothing type. If not properly addressed, elevated temperatures can result in heatstroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps or heat rashes. developed this program to protect employees from heat-induced illnesses while at work.
The guidelines set out in this program apply to all employees that may be required to work in environments with elevated temperatures.
Roles and Responsibilities
It is management's responsibility to provide a safe workplace for employees. Management will work with supervisors to assess the workplace and determine if heat-induced hazards are present or likely to be present. Following the assessment process, management will work to implement proper engineering controls and administrative controls. Management should take the following steps:
•Identify someone trained in heat illness, its causes, symptoms, treatments and controls and assign that person to develop, implement and manage the program.
•Identify jobs with a potential risk of heat stress and develop job-specific safe work procedures to manage this hazard.
•Inform workers and their supervisors when their work involves potential risk of heat stress.
•Develop a process to ensure supervisors and workers are advised of the following:
•Factors that can predispose them to heat stress
•Warning signs and symptoms of heat stress conditions
•Measures to be taken to protect against heat stress
•Post information on heat stress in the workplaces of employees potentially exposed to this hazard.
•Allow for a gradual period of acclimatization to work in hot environments for new and other non-acclimatized workers.
•Reschedule work on hot days to cooler times of the day when feasible.
•Stop work if essential control methods are inadequate or unavailable when the risk of heat illness is very high.
•Have an emergency plan in place and communicate it to both supervisors and employees.Implement additional administrative and engineering control measures where feasible.
•Schedule information sessions for employees whose work places them at risk of heat-induced illnesses.
•Implement safe work procedures to prevent heat-induced illness.
•Determine any additional rest breaks that may be required as a result of workload and local conditions.
•Be familiar with heat hazards, predisposing factors and preventative measures.
•Follow safe work procedures established to prevent heat-induced illness.
•Report to their supervisor heat-related symptoms in themselves or their co-workers.
•Follow recommended schedule of rest breaks, as advised by supervisors, to avoid heat exhaustion or collapse.
Heat Stress Control Measures
Managing heat illnesses, relies on various types of control measures. The control measures listed below are utilized, often in combination with each other, to protect workers. These control measures take many forms and employees should be familiar with the different types of control measures used at .
Engineering controls are methods that are built into the design of a workplace, piece of equipment or a process in order to minimize a specific hazard.
Administrative controls are changes in work procedures, safety policies, rules, supervision, schedules and training that reduce the duration, frequency and severity of heat exposures.
Heat-related Illnesses and Emergencies
If an employee reports an illness or signs of a heat-related illness are observed in an employee, stop all work immediately. Heatstroke is a medical emergency. Emergency personnel should be contacted immediately if an employee is showing signs of heatstroke. If an employee is believed to be experiencing heat-related symptoms.
Employees exposed to hot working conditions will receive heat stress training from health and safety personnel and/or job supervisors. Training will address the following topics:
•The different types of heat illness and the common signs and symptoms of heat illness
•Procedures for identifying, evaluating and controlling exposure to personal risk factors for heat illness
•The use of protective clothing and equipment to prevent heat-induced illnesses
•Procedures for identifying, evaluating and controlling exposure to environmental risk factors for heat illnessMeasures may utilize to manage heat
•Emergency response and first-aid procedures for heat-induced incidentsReporting procedures for heat illness incidents